eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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vol. 39

Experimental immunology
Dendritic cell-glioma fusion activates T lymphocytes by elevating cytotoxic efficiency as an antitumor vaccine

Fuming Tian
Changwu Dou
Songtao QI
Bo Chen
Liqun Zhao
Xiaojuan Wang

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2014; 39 (3): 265-270)
Online publish date: 2014/10/14
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Background: Hybrid cells produced by fusions of tumor and dendritic cells (DC) have demonstrated remarkable efficacy for priming the anti-tumor immune response. In the current study, we examined the antitumor activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) primed in response to a tumor vaccine comprising a glioma-DC fusion as part of a therapeutic against glioma.

Material and methods: Primary cultured glioma cells were fused with peripheral blood DC under conditions of polyethylene glycol (PEG) incubation. Glioma cell suspensions were designated as three groups to include (1) CTL-effective cell group activated by fused cells; (2) CTL-effective cell group stimulated by co-cultured glioma cells and DC cells; and (3) lymphocyte-only group as a control, which was not stimulated by the DC. Cytotoxicity of CTLs on glioma cells was accessed by MTT assay in vitro.

Results: Glioma cells with peripheral blood DC were cultured and fused. The killing effect of CTLs pre-activated by fused cells was significantly higher than that of the co-culture CTL group with unsensitized lymphocytes (p < 0.01). The killing activity, as measured by an enhanced efficiency ratio, was increased significantly in the co-cultures of fused cells with CTL groups (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: The glioma-dendritic cell fusion vaccine possessed a more effective anticancer activity by stimulating the effector activity of CTLs.

glioma cell, dendritic cell, cytotoxic T lymphocyte, dendritic cell/glioma fusion

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