eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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vol. 39

Experimental immunology
Xenotransplantation of human cultured parathyroid progenitor cells into mouse peritoneum does not induce rejection reaction

Ireneusz Nawrot
Bogdan Woźniewicz
Jacek Szmidt
Dariusz Śladowski
Krzysztof Zając
Witold Chudziński

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2014; 39 (3): 279-284)
Online publish date: 2014/10/14
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Introduction: Parathyroid progenitor cells devoid of immunogenic antigens were used for human allotransplantation. Although there were many potential reasons for the expiry of transplant activity in humans, we decided to exclude a subclinical form of rejection reaction, and test the rejection reaction in an animal model.

Material and methods: Experiments were carried out on 40 conventional male mice in their third month of life. The animals were housed in groups of 10 per cage in 4 cages with fitted water dispensers and fed a conventional diet based on standard pellet food. They were divided into four groups of 10 animals each, three experimental groups and one control group. Identified progenitor cells were stored in a cell bank. After testing the phenotype, viability, and absence of immunogenic properties, the cells were transplanted into mouse peritoneum cavity.

Results: Animals were observed for 9 weeks. At 9 weeks of observation, the mean serum PTH concentration in the experimental groups was 2.0-2.5 pg/ml, while in the control group it did not exceed 1.5 pg/ml. The immunohistochemical assays demonstrated that millions of viable cells with a phenotype identical to the endocrine cells had survived in the peritoneum. Histologic specimens from different internal organs stained for PTH revealed positive cells labelled with anti-PTH Ab in the intestinal lamina, brain, liver, and spleen.

Conclusions: In the present paper we have demonstrated that xenotransplantation may be used as a model for an explanation of the immunogenic properties of cells generated from postnatal organs for regenerative therapy.

parathyroid progenitor cells, xenotransplantation, rejection

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