eISSN: 2353-561X
ISSN: 2353-4192
Current Issues in Personality Psychology
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vol. 5

Facets of integration in the theory and practice of clinical psychology

Lidia Cierpiałkowska

Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland
Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 5(3), 149–152.
Online publish date: 2017/09/22
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Clinical psychology is a field of theory, research and practice that is currently developing very rapidly due not only to new original assumptions that have emerged in traditional paradigm approaches such as psychoanalysis, cognitive and humanistic psychology, but also through the development of innovative integration concepts. At the turn of the twentieth and twenty-first century new models emerged in clinical psychology that describe or explain the mechanisms and determinants of mental health, as well as previously unknown procedures of psychological and psychotherapeutic interventions. Clinical psychology seems to be dominated by concepts that integrate knowledge from various social science disciplines (Cierpiałkowska & Sęk, 2015, 2016). While some recently created models explaining the functioning of the individual are subject to different empirical verifications, previously unknown treatment strategies and procedures are often applied without prior research, and without further reflection on the appropriateness and relevance of their use (Prochaska & Norcross, 2006; Brzezinski, 2017).
Emerging new propositions in the theory and practice of clinical psychology have led to reflections on several issues, two of which seem particularly interesting: Firstly, what transformations are a natural consequence of the development of clinical theory and practice within a particular paradigm, and which reflect the integration of assumptions originating from various psychological concepts? Secondly, what new ideas are brought to psychological theory, practice, diagnosis and psychotherapy by the trend for evidence-based practice, which for researchers has become a source of ideas for the development of transtheoretical models describing and explaining human behaviour, and for clinical practitioners a determinant of their usefulness in treating individuals with specific problems and mental disorders.
The development of psychological theory, according to Dan P. McAdams (1994), occurs when its assumptions are more cohesive, versatile and simple, empirical and useful in practice. These indicators of the correctness of a direction and the scope of changes in different concepts are supplemented by the author by one more criterion: their creative potential, expressing the possibility of further development of a particular theory. When psychological theory describes an increasingly broad spectrum of mental health phenomena, explaining also their...

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