eISSN: 2084-9885
ISSN: 1896-6764
Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia/Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2016
vol. 11
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Flexible cognitive control and two human signal systems

Mariya Mun
,
Sveta Berdibayeva
,
Dariyakul Kozhamzharova
,
Sholpan Satiyeva
,
Agaisha Mursaliyeva
,
Bibianar Baizhumanova

Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 2016; 11, 3: 99–105
Online publish date: 2016/12/20
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Aim of the study: The authors attempt to determine the relationship between flexibility of cognitive control and features of the nervous system in the context of two human signal systems.

Material and methods: The authors used the Stroop test, the method of determining the balance of the first and the second signal systems in the context of visual memory, and two heuristic tasks: the verbal task “Swahili” and the visual-figurative task “Observer in the square”.

Results: There were no direct correlations between flexible cognitive control and the first/second signal systems, or their balance. However, an important connection between the second signal system and the predominance of the verbal (semantic-conceptual) method of processing information. The results of the correlation analysis have proven the existence of a link between flexible cognitive control and successful solutions of heuristic tasks. In the group of “Rigid” subjects, the successful solution of tasks is associated with a dominant manner of the processing of the information, and the presentation of a particular task.

Conclusions: The results obtained demonstrate a link between flexible cognitive control and successful solutions of heuristic tasks. They also point to a relationship between solving visual-figurative tasks and sensory-perceptual (perceptual-motor) methods of processing information. There were no direct correlations between flexible cognitive control and the first/second signal systems or their balance.
keywords:

flexible cognitive control, cognitive style, signal systems of higher nervous activity (HNA), heuristic tasks

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