ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
4/2020
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Genetic influence on football performance - a systematic review

Hugo Sarmento
1
,
Adilson Marques
2
,
Adam Field
3
,
João Martins
2
,
Élvio R. Gouveia
4
,
Laura Mondagrón
5
,
Nestor Ordoñez Saavedra
5
,
Diego Alonso Rodríguez
5
,
Filipe Manuel Clemente
6

1.
University of Coimbra, Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Coimbra, Portugal
2.
Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Human Performance, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
3.
Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
4.
Interactive Technologies Institute, Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal
5.
Research Group in Sports Science and Physical Activity, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sports Science Program, University of Applied and Environmental Sciences, Bogota, Colombia
6.
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Viana do Castelo, Portugal
Human Movement 2020 vol. 21 (4), 1-17
Online publish date: 2020/07/23
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Purpose
To systematically review and organise the available literature devoted to the topic of genetics and performance in football

Methods
A systematic search was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PubMed for original research published before October 2019. The following keywords were entered: ‘Soccer’ OR ‘Football’ AND ‘Genetic’ OR ‘Epigenic’ OR ‘Powergene’ OR ‘Genomic’ OR ‘Genotype’ OR ‘Polymorphism’ OR ‘Genetic marker’. Articles were screened by using pre-defined selection criteria, and methodological quality was assessed independently by 2 authors.

Results
The electronic searches yielded 872 articles, and after the screening process, a total of 38 studies met the eligibility criteria and were subsequently included for review.

Conclusions
The reviewed studies identified the most frequently addressed topics in this area of research: (1) performancerelated genes; (2) injury-related genes; (3) body composition-related genes; and (4) cardiac adaptations. This area of research is still at an early stage, and there is a need for studies to develop knowledge of genetics and its link with physical, technical, and cognitive performance in football with a view to facilitating talent identification in young players.

keywords:

soccer, talent, heritage, training, performance

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