eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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4/2020
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Health-related quality of life in pediatric patients with high-normal blood pressure and primary arterial hypertension

Yuriy Marushko
1
,
Tetiana Hyshchak
1
,
Tetiana Marushko
2
,
Olena Onufriev
2
,
Antonina Zlobynets
3
,
Olga Khomych
1
,
Nataliia Kostynska
1
,
Olena Moskovenko
1

1.
Department of Pediatrics of Postgraduate Education, O.O. Bohomolets Medical University, Kiev, Ukraine
2.
Department of Pediatrics No 2, Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kiev, Ukraine
3.
Department of Pediatrics, Private Higher Educational Establishment “Kiev Medical University”, Kiev, Ukraine
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2020; 22(4): 291–296
Online publish date: 2020/12/29
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Background
Despite the sufficient amount of data characterizings quality of life in adult patients with arterial hypertension and high-normal blood pressure, there is little information concerning the pediatric population.

Objectives
The aim of the presented study was to investigate the association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) parameters and the amount of increasing arterial blood pressure in children with primary arterial hypertension (PH) and high-normal blood pressure.

Material and methods
We performed a case-control study with an assessment of the impact of BP elevation on HRQoL scores obtained in children 9–17 years old. BP was measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). HRQoL was assessed with the PedsQL survey.

Results
The study included 179 participants. Analysis of the impact of high-normal BP or PH on HRQoL parameters found non-linear associations between BP and HRQoL. We found decreased quality of life indicators in children with high-normal BP and first stage PH. The HRQoL parameters of children with stable PH did not differ from those of the control group, with the exception of children with daytime systolic BP higher than 160 mm Hg, according to the ABPM data.

Conclusions
BP elevation affects quality of life in children with high-normal BP and PH. This relationship is non-linear and consists of the fact that at the beginning of PH formation (systolic BP less than 130 mm Hg), HRQoL parameters are reduced. As BP becomes constantly elevated (systolic BP of 130–160 mm Hg), the HRQoL parameters improve. In children with severe grades of BP elevation, quality of life is low due to adaptation failure.

keywords:

children, hypertension, quality of life

 
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