ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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4/2016
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

High and low impact aerobic exercise as a method of early prevention of hypercholesterolaemia development among young women

Robert Nowak
,
Dorota Kostrzewa-Nowak
,
Zbigniew Jastrzębski
,
Aleksandra Zarębska
,
Paweł Cięszczyk

Online publish date: 2018/03/12
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Purpose
Hypercholesterolaemia is a highly prevalent condition that has major health- and cost-related implications for the society. Aerobic-type exercise improves lipoprotein-lipid profiles, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in healthy young women. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess the impact of 9 weeks of low-high aerobic-type exercise on the lipid profile among young women.

Methods
On the basis of the lipid profile, 64 women (median age, 21.8 years; range, 19.0–24.7 years) were divided into two groups: with low (LRH) and intermediate (IRH) risk of developing hypercholesterolaemia. The participants completed a 9-week-long low-high aerobic exercise programme. Before and after the training programme, we determined the lipid profile: triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), lipoprotein cholesterol: HDL-C and LDL-C, and glucose levels. Selected cardiorespiratory fitness variables and body composition were also determined.

Results
It was found that aerobic-type fitness exercise in the IRH group caused statistically significant decreases in TC and TG levels in comparison with baseline values. Significant increase in maximum oxygen uptake and decrease in HDL-C in the LRH group were also observed.

Conclusions
Aerobic fitness exercises, a combination of two alternating styles, could influence the blood lipid profile by decreasing plasma TC and TG levels. In non-athlete women, physical activity may be a good tool to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

keywords:

aerobic effort, cardiorespiratory variables, hyperlipidaemia prevention, lipid profile, physical activity

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