eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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vol. 67
Original paper

Histological perspective on the effects of tumor-associated macrophages in the tumor microenvironment surrounding papillary thyroid carcinoma

Nuray Y. Can
Semra Ayturk
Mehmet Celik
Yavuz A. Sezer
Filiz Ozyilmaz
Ebru Tastekin
Necdet Sut
Funda Ustun
Buket Yilmaz Bulbul
Fulya O. Puyan
Sibel Guldiken

Pol J Pathol 2016; 67 (4): 332-344
Online publish date: 2017/02/10
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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are one of the most noticeable elements of the tumor microenvironment. The present study investigated the relationships between the density of CD163 immunolabeled M2-like TAMs with other histological properties of the tumor microenvironment and clinipathological features in 90 patients with papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). The percentage of TAMs was higher in tumors with significant lymphocytic tumor response (p = 0.020), in tumors with a significant degree of stromal tumor response (p = 0.014), those with infiltrative tumor borders (p = 0.029), in conventional variant papillary carcinoma (p = 0.032), and in patients with autoantibodies for thyroid peroxidase (p = 0.014). The tumors associated with lymphocytic thyroiditis had lower numbers of TAMs (p = 0.027). In conclusion, for the first time, the present study attempts to establish a full assessment of interactions of CD163 expressing M2-like TAMs with the triad of primary tumor- tumor microenvironment- tumor behavior and above all, with markers of autoimmunity. Thus, these alternatively polarized macrophages may act in tumor progression and dissemination according to their various products, which may be ordered by tumor cells or neighboring immune cells. The molecular studies may reveal their roles in various tumors and may improve the therapy strategies targeting TAMs in various malignant tumors, including PTCs.

tumor associated macrophages, papillary thyroid carcinoma, tumor microenvironment

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