ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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4/2020
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Home is the new gym: exergame as a potential tool to maintain adequate fitness levels also during quarantine

Cristina Cortis
1
,
Giuseppe Francesco Giancotti
1
,
Angelo Rodio
1
,
Antonino Bianco
2
,
Andrea Fusco
1

1.
Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy
2.
Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Human Movement 2020 vol. 21 (4), 79–87
Online publish date: 2020/05/09
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Purpose
With the coronavirus outbreak, the preventive measures include staying at home and isolation, increasing sedentary behaviours and risk for worsening of chronic diseases. To explore alternative forms of home-based physical activity, the study aim was to evaluate physiological (heart rate [HR], respiratory exchange ratio [RER], oxygen consumption [V̇O2], Energy expenditure [EE], metabolic equivalent task [MET]) and psychological (session rating of perceived exertion [sRPE], enjoyment) parameters of real (Zumba® class [ZC]) and exergame (Zumba® Fitness Rush [ZFR]) activities in relation to sex.

Methods
Overall, 12 female (age: 24.7 ± 0.9 years) and 8 male (age: 25.3 ± 2.1 years) college students randomly performer 2 experimental 60-min sessions, ZC and ZFR, during which HR (expressed as percentage of individual maximal HR [%HRmax]), V̇O2, RER, MET and EE were measured. After each session, sRPE and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) were used to monitor exercise intensity and enjoyment, respectively.

Results
Main effects for sex (p = 0.02) and modality (p < 0.0001) emerged for %HRmax, with women showing higher values than men and ZC showing higher values than ZFR. EE presented main effects for sex (p < 0.0001) and modality (p = 0.0002), with higher values in men and in ZC. Main effect (p = 0.0001) for modality emerged also for V̇O2 and MET, with higher values in ZC regardless of sex. No significant differences were observed for RER, sRPE, or PACES.

Conclusions
Although ZC elicited higher cardiovascular and metabolic responses, ZFR, classified as a moderate-to-vigorous activity, could be used to maintain regular physical activity in a safe home environment during the coronavirus crisis.

keywords:

COVID-19, home training, energy expenditure, heart rate, oxygen consumption, Zumba

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