ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2019
vol. 27
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Impact of different exercise interventions on anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients

Tetiana Odynets
,
Yuriy Briskin
,
Valentina Todorova
,
Olha Bondarenko

Online publish date: 2019/11/16
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Introduction
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of different exercise interventions on anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients through 1-year outpatient rehabilitation.

Methods
Overall, 138 breast cancer patients were assessed for eligibility. After excluding 14 women, 124 patients were randomly allocated to water exercise interventions (group A, n = 50), Pilates exercise interventions (group B, n = 44), and yoga exercise interventions (group C, n = 30). Finally, 115 patients completed relevant interventions and were analysed. The participants reported anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of the interventions.

Results
After 12 months, a decrease in anxiety and depression was observed by 5.64 (p < 0.001) and 4.09 (p < 0.001) points in group A, by 5.75 (p < 0.001) and 4.60 (p < 0.001) points in group B, and by 4.07 (p < 0.001) and 3.14 (p < 0.001) points in group C, respectively. Group A showed significantly better results than group C in anxiety (by 1.54 points; p < 0.01) and depression (by 1.40 points; p < 0.05). Group B obtained significantly better results than group C in anxiety (by 1.61 points; p < 0.01) and depression (by 1.81 points; p < 0.01).

Conclusions
Practising a water exercise program resulted in a better decrease of anxiety and depression levels compared with Pilates and yoga interventions.

keywords:

anxiety, depression, breast cancer, psychological distress

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