eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Infiltration of bupivacaine into the preperitoneal space and trocar incisions of patients undergoing laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal repair of unilateral inguinal hernia: a prospective randomized controlled observational study

Şükrü Çolak
,
Önder Akkuş
,
Bünyamin Gürbulak
,
Ekrem Çakar
,
Hasan Bektaş

Videosurgery Miniinv
Online publish date: 2019/04/11
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Introduction
Although laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia is associated with reduced postoperative pain, it is not entirely painless. In addition to reducing the need for analgesic medication, postoperative complications, and hospitalization, postoperative pain control enables early return to normal activity.

Aim
To evaluate the efficacy of bupivacaine instilled into the pre-peritoneal space and trocar incisions of patients undergoing laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair of inguinal hernia.

Material and methods
Bupivacaine was instilled into the pre-peritoneal space and trocar incisions of the patients in group I (n = 23), whereas it was infiltrated only into the trocar incisions of the patients in group II (n = 21). No local anesthetic was administered to the patients in group III (n = 21). Postoperative pain was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) at 4 and 24 h, and the dosage of analgesic medication was noted.

Results
No significant difference regarding age, gender, body mass index, ASA class, history of abdominal surgery, or smoking was noted between the three groups (p > 0.05). VAS score at 4 h was significantly higher in group III than in groups I and II (p < 0.05). The dosage of analgesic medication was significantly higher in group III than in groups I and II (p < 0.05), with no significant difference between groups I and II (p > 0.05).

Conclusions
Infiltration of long-acting local anesthetic into the pre-peritoneal space and trocar incisions of patients undergoing laparoscopic TEP repair of inguinal hernia reduces the need for analgesic medication by reducing early postoperative pain.

keywords:

Visual Analog Scale, bupivacaine, laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal

  
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