eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2021
vol. 38
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Inhibitory effect of kaempferol on mouse melanoma cell line B16 in vivo and in vitro

Di Qiang
1
,
Cao Ci
1
,
Wenbei Liu
1
,
Jun Wang
1
,
Caifeng He
1
,
Bihua Ji
1
,
Xuefei Shao
2

1.
Department of Dermatology and STD, Yi-Ji Shan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, China
2.
Department of Neurosurgery, Yi-Ji Shan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, China
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (3): 498–504
Online publish date: 2020/04/07
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Introduction
Melanoma is a malignant tumour and is the leading cause of death in patients with skin tumours.

Aim
Kaempferol belongs to a class of flavonoids, and is associated with many biological functions such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and anti-cancer. However, the inhibitory effect of kaempferol on melanoma still remains unclear.

Material and methods
The effect of kaempferol on melanoma was determined by conducting both in vitro and in vivo experiments using MTT assay and flow cytometry.

Results
The in vitro results revealed that kaempferol obviously inhibited cell viability of melanoma B16 cells, induced cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis. The in vivo results showed that kaempferol effectively inhibited the growth of mice xenografts. More importantly, kaempferol down-regulated the number of MDSC cells and up-regulated the number of NKT cells and CD8 T cells in the spleen.

Conclusions
Taken together, these findings indicate that kaempferol might play an inhibitory role in the growth of melanoma by enhancing anti-tumour immunity of organisms.

keywords:

kaempferol, melanoma, inhibitory effect, proliferation, apoptosis, tumour immunity

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