eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2017
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Injection laryngoplasty as miniinvasive office-based surgery in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis – voice quality outcomes

Ewelina M. Sielska-Badurek
,
Maria Sobol
,
Katarzyna Jędra
,
Anna Rzepakowska
,
Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz
,
Kazimierz Niemczyk

Videosurgery Miniinv 2017; 12 (3): 277–284
Online publish date: 2017/07/17
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Introduction: Injection laryngoplasty (glottis augmentation) is the preferred method in surgical management of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Traditionally, these procedures are performed in the operating room. Nowadays, however, these procedures have moved into the office.

Aim: To evaluate the voice quality after transoral injection laryngoplasty under local anaesthesia in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Material and methods: Fourteen subjects (5 women and 9 men) with unilateral vocal fold paresis (9 with right vocal fold paresis and 5 with left vocal fold paresis) were included in the study. The mean age of the group was 57.8 ±19.0 years (32–83 years). All of the injection laryngoplasties were performed transorally, under local anaesthesia. The injection material was calcium hydroxylapatite. Before and 1, 3 and 6 months after the procedure the following variables were evaluated: voice perception, videostroboscopy, acoustic analysis, aerodynamic evaluation, and the subjective rating of the voice quality by the patient.

Results: After injection laryngoplasty, complete glottal closure was achieved or there was a significant improvement in the glottal closure of each subject. We noted great improvement in the post-injection objective and subjective voice outcomes and patients reported improvement in the voice-related quality of life.

Conclusions: The transoral approach for injection laryngoplasty under local anaesthesia is an effective and safe way to treat incomplete glottal closure in patients with UVFP. The transoral approach is an efficient alternative to other surgical techniques used for vocal fold injection.

keywords:

phonosurgery, injection laryngoplasty, glottal insufficiency, vocal fold paralysis, calcium hydroxylapatite, transoral approach

  
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