eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2021
vol. 38
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Intervention in anaphylaxis: the experience of one paediatric centre based on NORA reports

Izabela Tarczoń
1
,
Urszula Jedynak-Wąsowicz
2
,
Grzegorz Lis
2
,
Tomasz Tomasik
2
,
Piotr Brzyski
3
,
Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz
2

1.
“Przyladek Zdrowia”, Krakow, Poland
2.
Department of Paediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
3.
“Dziupla” Statistical Analysis, Krakow, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2021; XXXVIII (2): 235-243
Online publish date: 2020/02/19
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Introduction
Intramuscular adrenaline administration is the primary intervention in anaphylaxis.

Aim
To analyse the data on intervention in children admitted due to anaphylaxis to the tertiary paediatric centre and compare them to the data from the Network for Online-Registration of Anaphylaxis.

Material and methods
A validated structured on-line questionnaire was used to collect data concerning the first and second-line intervention in anaphylaxis. The study was conducted in cooperation with the European Anaphylaxis Registry.

Results
The study group comprised 114 children (76 boys, 66.87%) aged 5 months–17 years with the predominance of moderate-to-severe anaphylaxis (grade III in Ring and Messmer’s, and grade IV in Mueller’s scale). In 103 (90.4%) children the first line of medical intervention was provided by medical staff. In the first-line intervention 39 (34.8%) children were given adrenaline. Five (4.4%) children were given the second dose of adrenaline and were admitted to the intensive care unit. In the second-line intervention adrenaline was given to 12 (15.6%) children. In one third it was at least the second reaction to the same trigger. Children treated with adrenaline were older (9.3 ±4.8 years), in comparison to those not treated (7.3 ±4.6 years, p = 0.034). Directly after the episode of anaphylaxis the children got the prescription for the adrenaline autoinjector in 35.1%, emergency training in 7.9%, and counselling on the avoidance of the anaphylaxis trigger in 30.7%. Grade III R&M reaction increased 3-fold the odds of AAI prescription (95% CI: 1.08–8.15).

Conclusions
There is a strong need to continue education on proper management of anaphylaxis in children.

keywords:

anaphylaxis, medical intervention, adrenaline, register, children

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