ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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1/2021
vol. 29
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Investigating the effectiveness of adding microcurrent therapy to a traditional treatment program in myofascial pain syndrome in terms of neck pain and function

Kadrya H. Battecha
1, 2
,
Dalia M. Kamel
3
,
Sayed A. Tantawy
4, 5

1.
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
2.
Department of Basic Science, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
3.
Department of Physical Therapy for Women’s Health, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
4.
Department of Physiotherapy for Integumentary Problems, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Deraya University, Minya, Egypt
5.
Department of Physiotherapy, Centre of Radiation, Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Physiother Quart. 2021;29(1):17–23
Online publish date: 2021/03/22
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Introduction
To investigate the effect of microcurrent on pain, pain threshold, range of motion, neck muscle strength, and neck function.

Material and methods
It is a pilot study involving 28 female subjects (aged 18–24 years) complaining of neck pain due to active unilateral trigger points in upper trapezius muscle. The subjects were randomly assigned to 2 groups: group I (n = 15) received microcurrent (frequency: 20 Hz, intensity: 25–30 µA) and traditional treatment in the form of stretching exercise for upper fibre of trapezius, isometric strengthening exercise, ischaemic compression technique; group II (n = 13) received only traditional treatment. All subjects received 2 sessions per week for 3 weeks.

Results
There was a significant improvement (p < 0.05) in cervical range of motion, pain level, neck disability index, and pain threshold in both treatment groups. Isometric muscle strength was significantly increased (p < 0.05) in group I, with no significant (p > 0.05) difference in group II. Group I showed a more significant effect in all measured variables than group II. Neck disability index and muscle strength presented a significant change (p < 0.05) with respect to group and time interaction.

Conclusions
Microcurrent therapy added to traditional treatment increased the effectiveness of myofascial pain syndrome treatment as compared with traditional treatment alone.

keywords:

microcurrent, myofascial pain syndrome, trigger points, upper trapezius, neck pain

 
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