eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2017
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Is minimally invasive surgical treatment justified for severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis patients with dysfunction of two or more organ systems?

Audrius Šileikis, Emilija Pečiulytė, Agnė Misenkienė, Andrius Klimašauskas, Virgilijus Beiša, Kęstutis Strupas

Videosurgery Miniinv 2017; 12 (3): 225–230
Online publish date: 2017/07/03
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Introduction: When minimally invasive therapy was introduced, it became possible to cure some patients without open surgery, or at least delay the operation for longer than a month.

Aim: To determine the optimal timing to operate on patients with severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis based on the severity of organ insufficiency.

Material and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in all severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis patients treated in Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos (VUL SK) from 2007 to 2016. The patients were divided into groups based on the number of dysfunctional organ systems (one or more) and whether the minimally invasive step-up approach to treatment was used.

Results: The patients with one organ dysfunction had a delay of 35 (without the step-up approach) and 36 (with the step-up approach) days before the open surgery, while the patients with two or more organ systems’ dysfunction had almost an identical delay of 28 days, using both surgical treatment methods. The mortality of the patients who had one organ dysfunction and in whom the step-up approach was used was 0%, while in patients without the step-up approach it was 41.7%. In the two or more organ systems’ dysfunction group, the mortality for those treated with a step-up approach was 64.3%, and without it 70.7%.

Conclusions: The surgical treatment should be initiated with a minimally invasive procedure. Additionally, the surgery on patients with two or more organ systems’ dysfunction should not be delayed for more than one month.

keywords:

severe necrotizing pancreatitis, open necrosectomy, minimally invasive surgery

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