ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
Current issue Articles in Press Archive Special Issues About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Ethical standards and procedures Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2020
vol. 21
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Isokinetic muscle power of the knee extensor and flexor muscles among differently trained people in relation to gender

Lazar Toskić
,
Milivoj Dopsaj
,
Dragan Toskić
,
Milan Marković

Human Movement 2020 vol. 21 (3), 81-89
Online publish date: 2020/02/02
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Purpose
Isokinetic muscle characteristics are important factors in numerous fields of expertise and scientific study. Information about the differences in isokinetic muscle power among individuals at various levels of training advancement has a significant impact on the development of sports training technology, the athlete selection process, and physical therapy and rehabilitation. The aim was to study the differences in knee muscles isokinetic power between differently trained men and women.

Methods
The sample of participants consisted of 159 individuals (84 men and 75 women), divided into 5 groups: the physically inactive (30), the physically active (32), strength and power athletes (33), endurance athletes (32), team sports athletes (32). The absolute and relative average knee flexor and extensor isokinetic muscle power was measured on an isokinetic dynamometer in concentric mode at speeds of 60 and 180°/s. To determine the differences between groups, the multivariate (MANOVA) and univariate (ANOVA) analysis of variance were used.

Results
There were significant differences in the relative isokinetic muscle power between differently trained men (F = 1.513, p = 0.043) and in the absolute and relative isokinetic power between differently trained women (F = 1.504, p = 0.047; F = 1.927, p = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions
The obtained results indicate that physical activities which are characteristic of strength and power sports to a great extent contribute to the development of isokinetic muscle power and that isokinetic muscle power is a sensitive discriminant factor to determine the differences between men and women at various levels of training advancement.

keywords:

dynamometry, training advancement, absolute power, relative power, men, women

Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe