eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
1/2020
vol. 22
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Knowledge of the role of vaccinations, physical activity and other cancer prevention methods among Polish outpatients

Marta Kurczewska-Michalak
1
,
Przemysław Kardas
1

1.
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of Lódż, Poland
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2020; 22(1): 27–31
Online publish date: 2020/03/20
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Background
Mortality rates connected with cancer are increasing nowadays due to demographic changes in the worldwide population and the increasing number of health risks leading to cancer. Primary cancer prevention is based on avoiding exposure to identified cancer risk factors. Therefore, awareness of basic health hazards is necessary.

Objectives
The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of the role of vaccinations, physical activity, second-hand smoke exposure and other factors in cancer prevention in Polish outpatients.

Material and methods
This was a survey involving Polish primary care patients. The study was based on an original questionnaire designed for this purpose and was distributed among primary care patients in either hardcopy (among primary care patients in the urban settings of the city of Lódż) or over the Internet.

Results
612 respondents took part in the study . Among the respondents, 28.4% claimed that vaccinations do not play any role in cancer prevention. Physical activity may prevent cancer according to 58.6% of the surveyed population. Tobacco smoking is a well-known cancer risk factor, which was admitted to by 97.2% of the respondents. Second-hand smoke exposure in the workplace was reported by 18.3% of the respondents, more often by those with secondary education than with a university degree. Second-hand smoke exposure was strongly connected with the age of the respondents.

Conclusions
There is little knowledge about vaccines and physical activity as cancer prevention methods. Tobacco smoking is a well-known cancer risk factor. Second-hand smoke exposure remains a serious problem in Poland despite a total ban on smoking in the workplace and public places.

keywords:

preventive medicine, papillomavirus vaccines, tobacco smoke pollution

 
Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe