eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2020
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Meta-analysis

Laparoscopic vs. open liver resections of posterolateral liver segments – a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mateusz Rubinkiewicz
1
,
Magdalena Mizera
1
,
Piotr Małczak
1
,
Natalia Gajewska
1
,
Grzegorz Torbicz
1
,
Michael Su
2
,
Konrad Karcz
3
,
Michał Pędziwiatr
1

1.
2nd Department of General Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
2.
Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
3.
Clinic of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
Videosurgery Miniinv 2020; 15 (3): 395–402
Online publish date: 2020/04/07
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Introduction
Laparoscopic resection has become an accepted approach to liver tumour surgery. However, it is considered difficult, especially in unfavourably located lesions.

Aim
To compare the outcomes of laparoscopic (LLR) and open liver resection (OLR) of posterolateral segments.

Material and methods
We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases from inception to 30 September 2019. Full text articles and conference abstracts were included for further analysis. This review follows the PRISMA guidelines.

Results
From 643 articles, 15 studies (N = 1196 patients) were included in the meta-analysis. All of them were non-randomised. Our findings showed that LLR had significantly lowered overall morbidity compared to OLR (MD = 0.66; 95% CI: 0.51–0.86; p = 0.002). Length of hospital stay (MD = 2.48; 95% CI: –3.87, –1.08; p < 0.001) was also shorter in the LLR group. Operative time (MD = 55.65; 95% CI: 24.14–87.16; p < 0.001) was significantly shorter in the OLR group. In terms of blood loss, major complications, R0 resection rates, and resection margin, there were no significant differences.

Conclusions
Our meta-analysis showed that the laparoscopic approach to resections of posterolateral liver segments is beneficial. However, the results are based on non-randomised trials, and further research is needed to fully establish their clinical application.

keywords:

liver neoplasms; hepatectomy; laparoscopy; meta-analysis; systematic review

  
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