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ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2018
vol. 13
 
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General surgery
abstract:
Original paper

Lateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with previous abdominal surgery – single-center experience

Sadegh Toutounchi, Ryszard Pogorzelski, Małgorzata E. Legocka, Ewa Krajewska, Krzysztof Celejewski, Urszula Ambroziak, Zbigniew Gałązka

Videosurgery Miniinv 2018; 13 (3): 283–287
Online publish date: 2018/08/19
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Introduction
Lateral transabdominal adrenalectomy (LTA) is the most common minimally invasive technique used to treat patients with adrenal tumors.

Aim
To analyze intra-operative and post-operative complications and reasons for conversion to open surgery in patients who underwent LTA and had previous abdominal surgery.

Material and Methods
Five hundred and nineteen patients underwent LTA in our center between 2005 and 2016. We identified a study group of 150 patients, with previous abdominal surgery. We analyzed the frequency of intra-operative and post-operative complications and the reasons for conversion from laparoscopic to open adrenalectomy.

Results
The patients’ mean age was 58; they underwent LTA due to hormonally active tumors (n = 79. 53%) and non-functioning adrenal tumors (n = 71. 47%). The size of adrenal lesions ranged from 20 mm to 90 mm. Seventy-eight (52%) adrenal lesions were found in the right adrenal gland, and 72 (48%) lesions in the left adrenal gland. The mean operating time was 130 min. The mean stay in hospital was five days. The intra-operative complications included blood pressure fluctuations (n = 32), abnormal vascular supply of the adrenal glands causing difficulties with dissections (n = 3), and respiratory problems (n = 1). Two (1.3%) patients had post-operative bleeding at the site of removed adrenal glands; 1 patient had an exacerbation of asthma postoperatively. Of the 150 patients analyzed, 3 (2%) required conversion to open adrenalectomy. The conversions were not caused by abdominal adhesions.

Conclusions
Lateral transabdominal adrenalectomy is feasible and safe in patients with previous abdominal surgery. In our study, conversion from laparoscopic to open adrenalectomy was not caused by abdominal adhesions.

keywords:

laparoscopic adrenalectomy, minimally invasive techniques, adrenalectomy after previous surgery

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