ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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3/2016
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Maximum oxygen uptake and post-exercise recovery in professional road cyclists

Łukasz Rutkowski
1
,
Marek Zatoń
1
,
Kamil Michalik
1

1.
University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
2016, vol. 17 (3), 185– 189
Online publish date: 2019/08/06
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Purpose
The aim was to investigate the relationship between aerobic fitness as ascribed by maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and post-exercise recovery after incremental exercise to volitional exhaustion.

Methods
A sample of 17 professional cyclists (age 17.4 ± 3.1 years; VO2max 61.1 ± 7.2 ml/min/kg) were recruited. A graded exercise test was administered on a cycle ergometer. Upon termination, the participants remained seated, and oxygen uptake (VO2), minute ventilation (VE), and heart rate (HR) were measured in the 1st, 3rd, and 5th minute of recovery.

Results
Post-exercise VO2 dynamics revealed a 69% and 80.9% reduction from VO2max in the 1st and 5th minute, respectively. HR decreased only by 41% of HRmax, in the 5th minute of recovery. A positive correlation between the differential rate of recovery for VO2 and VO2max indicated a dependency between aerobic fitness and recovery potential. Correlative strength decreased with time, and by the 5th minute of recovery a significant correlation was evidenced only between VO2 and VE.

Conclusions
As recovery potential is associated with the aerobic fitness level, training effects may be monitored based on the recovery of VO2 and HR to pre-exercise values.

keywords:

words: physical capacity, maximum oxygen uptake, post-exercise recovery, road cyclists

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