eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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abstract:

Mucins, trefoil factors and pancreatic duodenal homeobox 1 expression in spasmolytic polypeptide expressing metaplasia and intestinal metaplasia adjacent to gastric carcinomas

Nuray Can
,
Fulya Oz Puyan
,
Semsi Altaner
,
Filiz Ozyilmaz
,
Burcu Tokuc
,
Zeynep Pehlivanoglu
,
Kemal Ali Kutlu

Arch Med Sci
Online publish date: 2013/08/12
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Introduction: Gastric cancers are the second cause of cancer related deaths all around the world but gastric carcinogenesis remains a mystery. Intestinal metaplasia (IM) and spasmolytic polypeptide expressing metaplasia (SPEM) are the two types of preneoplastic metaplasias. In this study, we aimed to investigate expression of Pancreatic duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), mucins (MUCs), trefoil factors (TFFs) in SPEM and IM surrounding gastric carcinomas.

Material and methods: Tissue samples of tumor adjacent gastric mucosa including IM (n = 61) and SPEM (n = 36) from 70 gastrectomy specimens were used for immunohistochemical analysis of PDX1, mucins (MUC5AC, MUC6) and trefoil factors (TFF2, TFF3).

Results: Nuclear expression of PDX1 was present in both SPEM (32/36) and IM (60/61) and there was no significant difference in expression of PDX1 between the two types of metaplasias. While TFF3 and MUC5AC were abundant in IM, SPEM showed 100% expression of TFF2 and MUC6 and also lower positivity with TFF3 and MUC5AC. PDX1 positivity was related to expression of MUC5AC (60/61, p < 0.001) and TFF3 (60/61, p < 0.001) in IM and also associated with expression of MUC5AC (14/32, p < 0.05), MUC6 (32/32, p < 0.001), TFF2 (32/32, p < 0.001) and TFF3 (9/32, p < 0.05) in SPEM. Coexpression of TFF3 and TFF2 was present in 10 of 36 (27.7%) samples of SPEM and also 29 of 61 (47.5%) samples of IM exhibited dual expression of trefoil peptides.

Conclusions: PDX1 may affect the development of SPEM and IM. Expression patterns of TFFs and MUCs may indicate that IM evolves from SPEM.
keywords:

spasmolytic polypeptide expressing metaplasia, intestinal metaplasia, trefoil factors, pancreatic duodenal homeobox 1, mucins

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