eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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vol. 43
Experimental immunology

Neutralizing TGF-β promotes anti-tumor immunity of dendritic cells against pancreatic cancer by regulating T lymphocytes

Ning Pu
Guochao Zhao
Shanshan Gao
Yutong Cui
Yadong Xu
Yang Lv
Abulimiti Nuerxiati
Wenchuan Wu

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2018; 43 (2): 123-131)
Online publish date: 2018/06/30
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Previous fundamental or clinical trials of dendritic cell (DC) vaccine against pancreatic ductal adeno­carcinoma (PDAC) revealed the burgeoning neoadjuvant immunotherapy. Microarray studies indicated that multiple ingredients of the transfer growth factor beta (TGF-) pathway were over­expressed in PDAC, which inhibited the intratumoral immune response. To explore whether the DC volume in tumor microenvironment contributes to the differentiation of T cell cohort and test the hypo­thesis that combining DC vaccine with TGF- inhibitors will elevate the anti-tumor immune response, we managed to co-culture T cells in vitro with pancreatic cancer cells and DCs in different concentrations, and combine TGF- blockage with DC vaccine therapy in a murine model of pancreatic cancer. In in vitro studies, we discovered that CD8+ T cytotoxic cell (Tc) presented a significant advantage and lower volume of CD4+ T helper cell (Th) existed with a certain elevated DC concentration (p < 0.05), associated with declined interleukin (IL)-10 and increased interferon (IFN)-, which suggested with the DC volume increasing, the enhancing immune effect may represent a great advantage in such a system (p < 0.05). When interfered with anti-TGF- antibody or TGF- cytokine, respectively, in the co-culture system, we found IFN- producing was extremely higher and T cell apoptosis relatively descent with TGF- blockage (p < 0.05). The murine PDAC model demonstrated a survival advantage treated with anti-TGF- antibody combined with DC vaccine when compared with monotherapy controls (p < 0.05). Therefore, these findings indicated that, through neutralizing TGF- associated with DC vaccine, the anti-tumor immunity is highly elevated and this combinational therapy will provide an efficacious prospect.

pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, DCs, TGF-beta, immunotherapy, prognosis

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