ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Special information Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
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3/2022
vol. 30
 
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abstract:
Review paper

New models of care integrating more autonomous roles for physiotherapists: a narrative review

Anthony Demont
1, 2
,
Amélie Kechichian
3
,
Thomas Davergne
4
,
Linda J. Woodhouse
5
,
Aurélie Bourmaud
1
,
François Desmeules
6, 7

1.
Université Paris Cité, Inserm, ECEVE, Paris, France
2.
Physiotherapy School, University of Orléans, Orléans, France
3.
Physiotherapy School, Grenoble Alpes University, Grenoble, France
4.
INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d’Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, PEPITES team, Sorbonne University, Paris, France
5.
School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
6.
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada
7.
Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Centre, University of Montreal Affiliated Research Centre, Montreal, Canada
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(3):91–98
Online publish date: 2022/09/26
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With the increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases and chronic disorders, including musculoskeletal disorders, access to care is limited in many health care systems and new multidisciplinary collaborative models of care have now been implemented in several countries in an effort to improve access to care. The paper aimed to describe the characteristics and present relevant evidence supporting different models of care that integrate physiotherapists as primary or secondary care practitioners for the management of patients with non-communicable diseases or chronic disorders. On the basis of a literature review up to August 2020 in 4 major bibliographical databases, we searched for studies of any design, including systematic reviews with or without meta-analysis and position statements, that were related to direct access physiotherapy and advanced practice physiotherapy models of care. The impact of direct access physiotherapy and advanced practice physiotherapy models of care is presented in terms of clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, health care resource use and costs. These models appear to provide equal or better outcomes in terms of access to care, quality of care, and patients’ satisfaction. The strength of the evidence is variable, and outcomes vary depending on clinical settings, roles of physiotherapists, and characteristics of patients. This review highlights that these enhanced roles for physiotherapists, such as diagnosing, ordering diagnostic tests, or referring patients to physicians, in both primary and secondary care settings, are beneficial and may help optimize patients’ journey by providing earlier access to effective and efficient services compared with physician-led usual care models.
keywords:

models of care, physiotherapy, professional role, non-communicable diseases

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