eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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3/2019
vol. 44
 
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abstract:
Experimental immunology

Not only anti-inflammation, etanercept abrogates collagen-induced arthritis by inhibiting dendritic cell migration and maturation

Xuechan Huang
,
Yi He
,
Jiaochan Han
,
Jian Zhuang
,
Juan He
,
Erwei Sun

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2019; 44 (3): 237-245)
Online publish date: 2019/09/30
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The application of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) is a major breakthrough in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While the anti-inflammatory nature of TNFi is thought to contribute to the therapeutic effects, recent data show that the pharmacology of TNF- blockade is probably more complex than previously thought. This study investigates whether etanercept (ETN), one of the TNF antagonists, suppresses arthritis development through modulation of dendritic cell (DC) functions. Bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and treated with ETN for 24 hrs. DC functions, including maturation and migration, were determined. DCs from the lymph nodes (LNs) of ETN-treated collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice were analyzed for phenotypes and subsets. ETN efficiently inhibited the phenotypic maturation both in vitro and in vivo. ETN treatment delayed the onset and reduced the severity of arthritis in CIA mice. Moreover, ETN treatment strongly down regulated the number of both myeloid DCs (mDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) in LNs, possibly due to the depressive effect on the expression of CXCR4 on DCs in peripheral blood. The impaired DC migration to local LNs by ETN down regulated the number of T cells and B cells, and changed the LN cellular composition. The data show that TNF- blockade has profound effects on DC maturation and migration, which may contribute to its immune regulatory effects in RA patients.
keywords:

rheumatoid arthritis, migration, etanercept, maturation, dendritic cells (DCs)

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