eISSN: 2353-561X
ISSN: 2353-4192
Current Issues in Personality Psychology
Current issue Archive Articles in press About the journal Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors


1/2014
vol. 2
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:

Original article
Readiness to deny group’s wrongdoing and willingness to fight for its members: the role of Poles’ identity fusion with the country and religious group

Tomasz Besta, Ángel Gómez, Alexandra Vázquez

Current Issues in Personality Psychology · volume 2(1), 2014
Online publish date: 2014/05/31
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Background

Identity fusion is a powerful visceral feeling of oneness with the group. Dozens of studies have demonstrated that identity fusion is a powerful predictor of endorsement of extreme behavior for the group. However, most research has been conducted with Spanish and/or North-American participants, and focused on the country as the target group.

Participants and procedure

Two correlational studies were conducted with Polish participants, using measures of identity fusion, group identification, willingness to fight and die for ingroup members and readiness to deny group’s wrongdoing.

Results

We replicate and extend previous findings by showing that fusion with the country also predicts endorsement of extreme pro-ingroup behaviors with Polish participants (Study 1). Interestingly, fusion with religious group predicts willingness to endorse pro-ingroup behaviors for the religion they practice (Study 2). In addition, the present research shows that strongly fused participants display high levels of readiness to deny the group’s wrongdoing, when the target group is the country (Study 1) or religious group (Study 2).

Conclusions

These findings replicate and extend previous research and are a valuable contribution to the identity fusion theory.
keywords:

social identity; identity fusion; extremism; attitudes

references:
Atran, A. & Ginges, J. (2012). Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Science, 336, 855-857.

Becker, S.W. & Eagly, A.H. (2004). The heroism of wom­en and men. American Psychologist, 59, 163-178.

Branscombe, N.B. (2004). A social psychological process perspective on collective guilt. In: N.B. Branscombe & B. Doosje (eds.). Collective guilt: International perspectives (pp. 320-334). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Buhrmester, M., Gómez, Á., Brooks, M.L., Morales, J.F., Fernández, S., & Swann, W.B., Jr. (2012). My group’s fate is my fate: “Fused” Americans and Spaniards link personal life quality to outcome of ’08 elections. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34, 527-533.

Eagly, A.H. & Steffen, V.J. (1986). Gender and aggressive behavior: A metaanalytic review of the social psychological literature. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 309-330.
Gallup Poll (2012). On religion importance. Retrieved from Gallup website: https://worldview.gallup.com/default.aspx

Gómez, A., Brooks, M.L., Buhrmester, M.D., Váz­quez, A., Jetten, J. & Swann, W.B., Jr. (2011a). On the nature of identity fusion: Insights into the construct and a new measure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 918-933.

Gómez, Á., Morales, J.F., Hart, S., Vázquez, A. & Swann, W.B., Jr. (2011b). Rejected and excluded forevermore, but even more devoted: Irrevocable ostracism intensifies loyalty to the group among identity fused persons. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 1574-1586.

Kimball, C. (2002). When religion becomes evil. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.

Loza, W. (2007). The psychology of extremism and terrorism: A Middle-Eastern perspective. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, 141-155.

Lyons, M. (2005). Who are the heroes? Characteristics of people who rescue others. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 3, 239-248.

Lickel, B., Schmader, T. & Barquissau, M. (2004). The evocation of moral emotions in intergroup contexts: The distinction between collective guilt and collective shame. In: N.R. Branscombe & B. Doosje (eds.). Collective guilt: International perspectives. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mael, F. & Ashforth, B.E. (1992). Alumni and their alma mater: A partial test of the reformulated model of organizational identification. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13, 103-123.

Silberman, I. (2005). Religion as a meaning system: Implications for the new millennium. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 641-663.

Swann, W.B., Buhrmester, M.D., Gómez, M., Jetten, J., Bastian, B., Vázquez, A. & Zhang, A. (in press a). What makes a group worth dying for? Identity fusion fosters perception of familial ties, promoting self-sacrifice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Gómez, A., Buhrmester, M.D., López- Rodríguez, L., Jiménez, J. & Vázquez, A. (in press b). Contemplating the ultimate sacrifice: Identity fusion channels pro-group affect, cognition, and moral decision-making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Gómez, A., Dovidio, J.F., Hart, S. & Jetten, J. (2010a). Dying and killing for one’s group: Identity fusion moderates responses to intergroup versions of the trolley problem. Psychological Science, 21, 1176-1183.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Gómez, A., Huici, C., Morales, J.F. & Hixon, J.G. (2010b). Identity fusion and self-sacrifice: Arousal as a catalyst of pro-group fighting, dying, and helping behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 824-841.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Gómez, A., Seyle, D.C., Morales, J.F. & Huici, C. (2009). Identity fusion: The interplay of personal and social identities in extreme group behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 995-1011.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Gómez, Á., Vázquez, A., Guillamón, A., Segovia, S. & Carrillo, B. (2014). Identity and the choices transsexuals make: Fusion with preferred sex predicts sex change surgery. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Swann, W.B., Jr., Jetten, J., Gómez, Á., Whitehouse, H. & Bastian, B. (2012). When group membership gets personal: A theory of identity fusion. Psychological Review, 119, 441-456.
FEATURED PRODUCTS
Quick links
© 2018 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe