eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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2/2010
vol. 6
 
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abstract:

Original research
Prevalence of use of advance directives, health care proxy, legal guardian, and living will in 512 patients hospitalized in a cardiac care unit/intensive care unit in 2 community hospitals

Anil Kumar
,
Wilbert S. Aronow
,
Margelusa Alexa
,
Ritu Gothwal
,
Stephen Jesmajian
,
Bharat Bhushan
,
Praveen Gaba
,
James Catevenis

Arch Med Sci 2010; 6, 2: 188-191
Online publish date: 2010/04/30
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Introduction: The prevalence of use of any advance directives was 26% in 112 patients hospitalized in a cardiac care unit (CCU)/intensive care unit (ICU) in an academic medical center.
Material and methods: We investigated in 2 community hospitals the prevalence of use of advance directives (AD), health care proxy (HCP), legal guardian (LG), and living will (LW) in 512 patients hospitalized in a CCU/ ICU approached for AD and HCP.
Results: The use of AD was 22%, of HCP was 19%, of LG was 16%, and of LW was 5%.
Conclusions: The use of AD was 22%, of HCP was 19%, of LG was 16%, and of LW was 5% in patients hospitalized in a CCU/ICU. Educational programs on use of AD and of HCP need to be part of cardiovascular training programs and of cardiovascular continuing medical education.
keywords:

advance directives, health care proxy

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