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ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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1/2018
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Outcomes and complications of self-expanding metal stent placement for malignant colonic obstruction in a single-center study

Rafał Stankiewicz, Sławomir Kozieł, Jan Pertkiewicz, Krzysztof Zieniewicz

Videosurgery Miniinv 2018; 13 (1): 53–56
Online publish date: 2017/09/26
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Introduction
Approximately 20% of cases of colorectal cancer are accompanied by acute colonic obstruction. While emergency colonic surgery is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, placement of a self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) has been suggested as an alternative method. The SEMS placement can serve as either a definitive treatment in palliative cases or a bridge to surgery.

Aim
To summarize the experience of our center in the treatment of malignant colonic obstruction using SEMS placement.

Material and methods
A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent a SEMS placement for colorectal stricture in the study period. The procedures were performed under fluoroscopic guidance with colonoscopic assistance, and uncovered stents were used in all patients.

Results
The study population consisted of 28 patients treated with SEMS placement due to malignant colonic obstruction. The majority of procedures were performed with palliative intent. The overall technical success rate was 96.5%, and clinical success was achieved in all of the successfully placed SEMSs. One fatal complication due to colonic perforation occurred. In the bridge-to-surgery group, all patients experienced tumor resection with no stoma creation.

Conclusions
The SEMS placement is an optimal treatment in the vast majority of acute colonic obstruction cases. Due to the possibility of potentially fatal complications, SEMS procedures should be performed by proficient endoscopists.

keywords:

complications, self-expandable metal stent, colonic obstruction, colon perforation, self-expanding metal stent

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