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ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Percutaneous cholecystostomy in the management of acute cholecystitis – 10 years of experience

Petr Dvorak
,
Petr Hoffmann
,
Ondrej Renc
,
Tomas Dusek
,
Stanislav Rejchrt
,
Ondrej Slezak
,
Pavel Vyroubal

Online publish date: 2019/05/05
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Introduction
The preferred treatment for acute cholecystitis is cholecystectomy, but for patients with precluded general anesthesia due to critical illness or multiple medical comorbidities it is not suitable. Cholecystostomy could be a minimally invasive therapeutic alternative.

Aim
To retrospectively evaluate the indications, technical features, efficacy, complications, patients’ development and relationships among monitored parameters of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided cholecystostomies in cases of acute cholecystitis and find the role of this procedure in appropriate treatment selection.

Material and methods
Over the course of 10 years, 75 percutaneous cholecystostomy procedures in 69 patients were performed in cases with diagnosed acute cholecystitis, precluded general anesthesia and contraindicated cholecystectomy by an experienced surgeon and anesthesiologist. These interventions were done using only local anesthesia. The patients were men in 39 cases and women in 33 cases, aged 33 to 91 years.

Results
Technical success was achieved in all cases. The indications were sepsis in 34 (45.3%) cases, bridging acute gallbladder inflammatory status in 15 (20%) interventions, serious medical comorbidities in 8 (10.7%) cases, disseminated malignancy and cardiac failure in 6 cases each (both 8%) and neurological affections in 5 (6.5%) cases. Cholecystostomy was frequently the final solution in acalculous cholecystitis (79.3%). The 30-day mortality rate was determined at 10.7% and the overall complication rate was 21.3%, but all of these complications were managed conservatively or using minimally invasive treatment.

Conclusions
Percutaneous CT-guided cholecystostomy is reserved for patients with a serious medical status for various reasons that preclude surgical treatment and general anesthesia. Simultaneously, technical success and efficacy are high and the complication rate is acceptable.

keywords:

indications, acute cholecystitis, cholecystostomy, gallbladder drainage

  
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