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ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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1/2022
vol. 54
 
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abstract:
Original article

Perfusion index-derived parameters as predictors of hypotension after induction of general anaesthesia: a prospective cohort study

Bassant Mohamed Abdelhamid
1, 2
,
Akram Yassin
1
,
Abeer Ahmed
1
,
Shereen M. Amin
1
,
Ayman Abougabal
1

1.
Department of Anaesthesiology, Surgical ICU and Pain Management, Kasr-Alainy Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
2.
Department of Anaesthesiology, Surgical ICU and Pain Management, Armed Forces College of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2022; 54, 1: 34–41
Online publish date: 2022/03/16
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Background
Induction of general anaesthesia is commonly associated with hypotension. This exposes patients to perioperative organ hypoperfusion and eventually damage. This study was designed to assess the ability of preoperative perfusion index (PI), plethysmographic variability index (PVI), and dicrotic plethysmography (Dicpleth) to predict hypotension after induction of general anaesthesia.

Methods
In this cohort study, 95 ASA I and II adult patients who were scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled. The correlation between preoperative PI, PVI, Dicpleth and percentage decrease in mean arterial blood pressure after anaesthesia induction was investigated. Ability of PI, PVI, Dicpleth to detect post-induction hypotension was also analysed.

Results
The percent decrease in MAP after anaesthesia correlated with baseline PI (r = –0.45, P < 0.001), PVI (r = 0.45, P = 0.001) and Dicpleth (r = 0.16, P = 0.12). The PI cut-off value was ≤ 3.03 for a patient at risk for post-induction hypotension with 77.8% sensitivity, 75% specificity, positive and negative predictive values of 74.5% and 78.3%, respectively. Similarly, the ROC analysis revealed that baseline PVI (AUC = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.622–0.812) was suitable for detecting post-induction hypotension. Moreover, baseline Dicpleth (AUC = 0.63) showed significant predictive ability.

Conclusions
The pre-anaesthetic PI and PVI < 3.03 and > 17, respectively, have a good ability to predict those at risk of developing post-induction hypotension in adult patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia. Future studies are needed in order to investigate the usefulness of Dicpleth in different circumstances during anaesthesia. Clinical trial registration ID: The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04217226).

keywords:

perfusion index, plethysmographic variability index, dicrotic plethysmography, post-induction hypotension

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