eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2022
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Perioperative carbohydrate loading in patients undergoing one-day surgery. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Jakub Kukliński
1
,
Karol P. Steckiewicz
1
,
Radosław Owczuk
1

1.
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Videosurgery Miniinv 2022; 17 (3): 457–466
Online publish date: 2022/06/19
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Introduction
It is suggested that preoperative carbohydrate loading may have beneficial effects, which is emphasised in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols (ERAS). Recent data confirmed that carbohydrate loading shortens length of hospital stay.

Aim
In this systematic review we aimed to determine whether carbohydrate loading have positive effects in patients undergoing one-day surgery.

Material and methods
We searched 5 databases and identified some randomized controlled trials which were reviewed independently by two reviewers. In the end 6 RCTs were included, involving 411 patients. Studies compared effects of carbohydrate loading vs. fasting and/or placebo on the following outcomes: thirst, hunger, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), fatigue, pain and postoperative insulin resistance. In most cases data are inconclusive as studies reported opposite results.

Conclusions
It seems that carbohydrate loading did not have a significant impact when compared to fasting or placebo. Preoperative carbohydrate loading seems not to have significant benefits over fasting or placebo in patients qualified for one-day surgery.

keywords:

enhanced recovery after surgery, carbohydrate loading, pre-op, fasting, one-day surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy

  
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