eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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vol. 15
Basic research

Phenotypic identification of CD19+CD5+CD1d+ regulatory B cells that produce interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor β1 in human peripheral blood

Md Rezaul Karim
Yun-Fu Wang

Arch Med Sci 2019; 15 (5): 1176–1183
Online publish date: 2018/08/27
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Regulatory B cells (Bregs), a novel subpopulation of B cells, are a significant area of research due to their immune regulatory function in the immunological response. Bregs have been reported to regulate acute inflammation and immunity through the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Material and methods
A B cell subpopulation was identified using flow cytometric analysis in two different processes: 1) after preparation and storage of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Ficoll density gradient centrifugation from a human blood sample, 2) followed by isolation and storage of B cells through magnetic separation using a B cell isolation kit and MS column. ELISA assays were performed to observe the cytokine production of interkleukin 10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) by this novel B cell subpopulation.

Double positive staining of CD5+CD1d+ Bregs represents (19.27 ±1.52) from PBMCs, (33.32 ±2.95) from B cells accordingly (n = 40). Through ELISA assays, it has been found that B cell subpopulation produces IL-10 (0.56 ±0.08) and TGF-β1 (0.90 ±0.12) (n = 40).

These methods should be able to facilitate progress in research on Bregs through the following steps: 1) the regulatory role may be observed in comparison with particular autoimmune diseases, inflammation, cancer, and immunologic responses to find out whether Breg alteration and/or cytokine production is altered as well in these disorders or conditions. 2) If the alteration of Bregs and cytokine production is significant along with the clinical correlation, a further in vitro study can be initiated with exposure of certain drugs to overcome the alteration of the cytokine production; then, an in vivo study can be initiated.


Bregs, interkleukin 10, transforming growth factor β1, flow cytometry, ELISA

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