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Human Movement
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vol. 19
Review paper

Physical activity, nutrition, and bone health

Alessandra Amato, Sara Baldassano, Cristina Cortis, Jill Cooper, Patrizia Proia

Human Movement 2018 vol. 19 (4), 1-10
Online publish date: 2018/09/24
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This review aims to describe the roles that physical activity and nutrition have in bone metabolism and to examine their effects on bone in a situation of altered metabolism as a consequence of inadequate nutrition and/or excessive physical activity. Referring to the recent studies and the main guidelines in the literature on athlete nutrition, the paper also focuses on essential nutrients for bone health during performance. Finally, it discusses the negative effect of some nutrients on bone mineral density.

osteoporosis, nutrition, bone metabolism, physical activity

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