eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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1/2019
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Postoperative nausea and vomiting in bariatric surgery in comparison to non-bariatric gastric surgery

Philipp Groene, Jana Eisenlohr, Catharina Zeuzem, Sara Dudok, Konrad Karcz, Klaus Hofmann-Kiefer

Videosurgery Miniinv 2019; 14 (1): 90–95
Online publish date: 2018/10/03
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Introduction
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are complications of general anesthesia. Patient-specific factors, type of surgery and a variety of drugs determine the frequency. Clinical experience shows nausea and vomiting to be very frequent in morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Aim
To detect the onset and extent of nausea and vomiting in the group of morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

Material and methods
We conducted a retrospective data bank analysis (since 2004) of all patients with body mass index > 35 kg/m2 undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery in comparison to patients with a body mass index < 35 kg/m2 undergoing gastric surgery. Propensity score matching was applied to minimize bias effects. The frequency of postoperative nausea was defined as the primary outcome parameter.

Results
One hundred and thirty-eight patients were included. There was a significant difference between the morbidly obese group and the control group concerning the frequency of postoperative nausea (15.9% vs. 55.1%; p < 0.001). In patients receiving volatile anesthetics a significant difference between groups concerning frequency of PONV was not observed. Intravenous anesthetics were suitable to reduce PONV in the control group but not in the morbidly obese group (12.5% vs. 56.8%, p < 0.001). With given prophylaxis PONV events still occurred in 15.6% vs. 48.8% (p = 0.003).

Conclusions
Morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery are at higher risk of suffering from PONV than non-morbidly obese patients. To reduce the PONV incidence in morbidly obese patients, further research, especially focusing on more efficient use of antiemetic drugs, seems to be necessary.

keywords:

bariatric surgery, general anesthesia, postoperative nausea and vomiting, nausea, obese

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