eISSN: 2353-5571
ISSN: 2353-4184
Health Psychology Report
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2/2021
vol. 9
 
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abstract:
Short report

Predictive risk factors for post-traumatic stress symptoms among nurses during the Italian acute COVID-19 outbreak

Jessica Ranieri
1
,
Federica Guerra
1
,
Dina Di Giacomo
1

1.
University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Health Psychology Report, 9(2), 180–185
Online publish date: 2020/11/27
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Background
The aim of the study was to investigate the posttraumatic stress disorder risk in nurses, detecting the relation-ship between distress experience and personality dimensions in the Italian acute COVID-19 outbreak. The study is an observational study conducted in March 2020.

Participants and procedure
Mental screening was carried out in the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology on N = 36 nurses in the age range 22-64 years (M = 37.30, SD = 12.60). 76.3% were working in nursing care with confirmed COVID-19 patients; 47.4% of nurses worked in a high COVID-19 rate environment, whereas 52.6% worked in a low COVID-19 rate environment.

Results
The results confirm relation between anxiety and peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress; also anx-iety is positively correlated with the agreeableness variable. Our finding was obtained in an acute Italian COVID-19 outbreak and measured and quantified the psychological response of nurses in terms of anxiety as an early reaction for emotional distress and high risk for posttraumatic stress disorders; the personality dimen-sions did not mediate the emotional distress or the probable risk for posttraumatic stress disorder. Nurses ap-peared to be exposed to mental distress and needed help.

Conclusions
The results evidenced the need to carry out a mental health program for health workers (especially nursing professionals).

keywords:

clinical psychology; pandemic; COVID-19; emotional distress; mental health program

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