eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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3/2019
vol. 15
 
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General surgery
abstract:
Clinical research

Presacral tumors: diagnosis and treatment – a challenge for a surgeon

Łukasz Dziki, Marcin Włodarczyk, Aleksandra Sobolewska-Włodarczyk, Aleksander Saliński, Magdalena Salińska, Marcin Tchórzewski, Michał Mik, Radzisław Trzciński, Adam Dziki

Arch Med Sci 2019; 15 (3): 722–729
Online publish date: 2016/07/22
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Introduction
Presacral tumors are a rare group of heterogeneous lesions located in a potential space referred to as the retrorectal or presacral space. Lack of characteristic symptomatology and difficult anatomical localization make the diagnosis and management challenging for a surgeon. The aim of this study was to analyze cases of presacral tumors that underwent surgical treatment with regard to diagnostics, methods and outcomes.

Material and methods
The study enrolled patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, Medical University of Lodz. The data was analyzed for age, gender, clinical symptoms, type of diagnostic procedures conducted, histopathology results, type of treatment implemented, intra- and perioperative complications as well as early and long-term treatment outcomes.

Results
The study enrolled 29 patients who underwent surgical treatment for presacral tumors. Malignant tumors accounted for 34% of all cases (n = 10), and 80% of them occurred in men. Benign cases accounted for 66% of cases (n = 19), and they occurred predominantly in women (58%). Malignant lesions were more common in men (p < 0.05). The average age of patients with benign tumors was lower than that of patients with malignant tumors (p < 0.05). The transsacral approach was used in 51% of patients, abdominal laparotomy in 41% and a combined approach in 7%. Cure was achieved in 72% of patients, including 67% who were cured after their initial surgery.

Conclusions
Presacral tumors are more common in men and more commonly are malignant tumors in this group. The success rate of surgical treatment is 72%, and selection of the surgical approach does not affect the final treatment outcome.

keywords:

presacral tumors, retrorectal tumors, surgical strategy, diagnosis

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