en POLSKI
eISSN: 2083-8441
ISSN: 2081-237X
Pediatric Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism
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2/2022
vol. 28
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Prevalence of arterial hypertension among Ukrainian students: the comparison of European and American guidelines

Victoriya Furdela
1
,
Halyna Pavlyshyn
1
,
Tetiana Kovalchuk
1
,
Nataliya Haliyash
1
,
Nataliia Luchyshyn
1
,
Kateryna Kozak
1
,
Kateryna Hlushko
1

1.
Department of Pediatrics 2, I.Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ukraine
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2022; 28 (2): 123–131
Online publish date: 2022/03/23
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Introduction
Arterial hypertension (HTN) among children is progressively increasing. These concerns have led to an update of the guidelines about childhood hypertension by the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) in 2016 and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2017, and their thresholds for HTN differ. The current research aims to compare the prevalence of hypertension in Ukrainian teenagers using 2 different guidelines and to check the impact of gender, age, and excess weight on hypertension.

Material and methods
The sample includes 540 Ukrainian students of 2 secondary urban schools, aged 10–17 years. Blood pressure and anthropometrical measurements were taken and compared with percentile tables.

Results
The prevalence of abnormal BP (11.3% and 15.2%) and HTN (1.9% and 4.1%) was determined with ESH and AAP guidelines, respectively, and they strongly depended on which definitions and criteria were used. Boys were much more predisposed to abnormal BP. Comparing both guidelines, there was no significant difference in HTN prevalence in children aged 10–12 years; nevertheless, AAP recognized HTN almost twice as often in teenagers aged ≥ 13 years. Excess body weight was identified in 17.2% of the school-age children, twice as frequently as in males.

Conclusions
The results have shown a higher prevalence of HTN in teenagers and children with excessive weight more significant in boys and between children with positive markers of abdominal obesity due to both guidelines, without a significant difference in prevalence after re-classification; however, AAP recommendations might be preferable.

keywords:

adolescents, excess weight, guidelines implementation, prevalence of hypertension


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