ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
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4/2021
vol. 29
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea and its effect on instrumental activities of daily living among females from Pakistan

Rabia Adil
1
,
Urfah Zaigham
1

1.
University Institute of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus, Pakistan
Physiother Quart. 2021;29(4):65–69
Online publish date: 2021/12/06
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Introduction
Painful periods is one of the utmost general gynaecological disorders of adolescence. Therefore, the main aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea and its effect on instrumental activities of daily living among females from Pakistan.

Methods
An observational cross-sectional study with a sample of 161 females was organized at University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus, Pakistan, between October 2019 and March 2020. The participants’ age ranged between 18 and 36 years. Their body mass index was calculated through weight and height. The data were collected by using WaLIDD score (working ability, location, intensity, days of pain, dysmenorrhoea), visual analogue scale, and Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between different variables. The data were analysed with the SPSS statistical software, version 20.0.

Results
Out of the 161 participants, 60.87% had moderate dysmenorrhoea, while mild and severe dysmenorrhoea was reported in 7.45% and 31.68%, respectively. Most females (62.11%) exhibited instrumental activities of daily living disability, while 37.89% had no disability. The results revealed that there were statistically significant associations between dysmenorrhoea and instrumental activities of daily living (p = 0.003). Significance was assumed at p < 0.05.

Conclusions
Dysmenorrhoea had a statistically significant effect on instrumental activities of daily living (p = 0.003).

keywords:

dysmenorrhoea, primary dysmenorrhoea, instrumental activities of daily living, WaLIDD score, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale, visual analogue scale

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