ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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2/2019
vol. 20
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Relationships between anthropometric parameters and overarm throw in elite beach handball

Jose M. Jimenez-Olmedo
,
Alfonso Penichet-Tomas
,
Manuel Ortega Becerra
,
Basilio Pueo
,
Jose J. Espina-Agullo

Human Movement 2019 vol. 20 (2), 16-24
Online publish date: 2019/04/24
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Purpose
Beach handball is a physically demanding sport. The aim of the study was to establish the relationships between anthropometric characteristics and overarm ball speed, a key performance factor.

Methods
Overall, 11 male players from the Spanish beach handball national team were recruited. Throw speed was assessed in 3 throw types: standing throw (ST), standing throw after two steps (RST), and jump throw with a run-up and self-spin (RSST). Pearson correlation was used to determine the correlation between variables. Magnitudes were evaluated qualitatively with magnitude-based inference, and the effects of anthropometric variables on the throw tests were analysed with stepwise multiple regression.

Results
Maximal throw speed was 25.64 ± 4.14 m ∙ s–1 for ST, 23.71 ± 4.24 m ∙ s–1 for RST, and 24.83 ± 5.49 m ∙ s–1 for RSST. Large positive correlations were found between throw speed and middle, ring, and little finger lengths (P4 polygon) (r = 0.66 and 0.61 for ST and RSST, respectively). Very large (r = 0.77) and large (r = 0.68) correlations were observed between ST and RST, respectively, and elbow breadth. These results were likely positive for ST: P4 (76/24/0), elbow epicondyle distance (EED) (91/9/0); and for RST: EED (79/21/0); and possibly positive for RST: P4 (68/32/0). ST and RST were predicted by P4 in 44% and by combining P4 and finger span FS1 in 68%.

Conclusions
ST and RST ball speed in beach handball was related to specific hand/elbow anthropometric characteristics which can be easily measured.

keywords:

performance, handgrip, throw test, finger, ball speed, hand

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