eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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1/2021
vol. 16
 
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Pediatric surgery
abstract:
Original paper

Retroperitoneoscopic renal and adrenal specimen resection surgery in children

Liang Zhong
1
,
Xiangyu Zou
1
,
Jie Sun
1

1.
Department of Urology, Shanghai Children’s Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
Videosurgery Miniinv 2021; 16 (1): 256–263
Online publish date: 2020/06/15
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Introduction
The most common indication for retroperitoneoscopy in children is poorly functioning kidney, related to reflux or obstruction. Few pediatric urologists attempt to conduct a mass resection operation under retroperitoneoscopy, especially in infants with oncological diseases.

Aim
In this study, we describe our experience in a series of resection operations under retroperitoneoscopy to demonstrate its safety and efficacy in children, especially in the treatment of pediatric urology tumor.

Material and methods
A retrospective review of 18 consecutive retroperitoneoscopic resection operations from December 2017 to July 2019 was made. Then a comparison study between retroperitoneoscopy and transperitoneal laparoscopy for exclusively oncological patients was conducted.

Results
Retroperitoneoscopic surgery was successfully performed on 18 patients, 11 having solid tumors, 2 with cysts, and 5 with nonfunctioning or poorly functioning kidneys. The mean age was 69.5 ±46.9 months. The mean operative time was 138.6 ±57.7 min, while the mean size of the mass was 6.4 ±3.8 cm in the largest diameter. Two patients were converted to open surgery because of large diameter of the mass. The 11 solid tumors which were operated on by retroperitoneoscopic surgery were then compared with 13 consecutive oncological patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopy. Retroperitoneoscopy has a lower transfusion rate (p < 0.05) and faster recovery (p < 0.01) compared to transperitoneal laparoscopy.

Conclusions
This study demonstrates that the resection operation of a renal or adrenal specimen under retroperitoneoscopy is feasible and safe in children. It is useful not only to treat patients with benign diseases but also in oncological patients. Retroperitoneoscopy is a recommended surgical approach for children.

keywords:

laparoscopy, children, renal, retroperitoneal space, adrenal

  
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