eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2013
vol. 38
 
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abstract:

Review paper
Autoimmune urticaria

Anna Sadowska-Przytocka
,
Magdalena Czarnecka-Operacz
,
Katarzyna Łącka
,
Dorota Jenerowicz

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2013; 38 (2): 265-270)
Online publish date: 2013/07/08
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Chronic urticaria is a common skin disorder characterized by spontaneously appearing wheals and flare-type skin reactions, with or without angioedema. Skin lesions usually persist up to 24 hours and patients generally report pruritus and/or burning sensation. According to the current EAACI/GA2LEN/EDF/WAO guidelines, urticaria may be classified as spontaneous, physical and other types of the disease. Spontaneous urticaria in relation to the duration of the process is further divided into acute and chronic spontaneous types. In contrast to physical and other variants of urticaria, in the spontaneous type, lesions usually occur without any obvious stimuli. It has been demonstrated that in about one-third of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria, positive response to their own serum is being recorded in the autologous serum skin test (ASST). In general, a positive result of ASST reflects autoreactivity and may be regarded to be the basis for further investigations in order to characterize the causative factors. Interestingly, patients suffering from chronic spontaneous urticaria with a positive result of ASST present with longer duration and more severe course of the disease and higher requirements for antihistamines and/or alternative methods of treatment.
keywords:

autoimmune urticaria, autoreactivity, antihistamines, treatment

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