eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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4/2014
vol. 39
 
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abstract:

Review paper
Immunological aspects of chronic venous disease pathogenesis

Ewa Grudzińska, Zenon Paweł Czuba

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2014; 39 (4): 525-531)
Online publish date: 2014/12/15
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Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a very common health problem concerning up to 1/3 of the society. Although venous hypertension and valvular incompetence have been long known to be crucial for development of the illness, its exact aetiology remains unclear. Recent findings indicate that inflammatory processes may be crucial for development of incompetent valves and vein wall remodelling. One of the most interesting theories describes “leucocyte trapping” as the mechanism responsible for elevated vein wall permeability and oxidative stress in the veins. At the same time, the cytokine profile of the blood in incompetent veins has not been thoroughly examined. Popular anti-inflammatory drugs relieve some symptoms but do not have much proved effects in prevention and treatment.

We intend to summarize the existing knowledge of the immunological aspects of CVD in order to emphasize its importance for understanding the aetiology of this illness. We also wish to indicate some aspects that remain to be studied in more detail.
keywords:

cytokines, chronic venous disease, varices, veins, leukocyte trapping

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