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eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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1/2015
vol. 53
 
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abstract:

Review paper
Total ankle replacement – surgical treatment and rehabilitation

Agnieszka Prusinowska
,
Zbigniew Krogulec
,
Piotr Turski
,
Emil Przepiórski
,
Paweł Małdyk
,
Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska

Reumatologia 2015; 53, 1: 34–39
Online publish date: 2015/04/10
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Functions of the ankle joint are closely connected with the gait and ability to maintain an upright position. Degenerative lesions of the joint directly contribute to postural disorders and greatly restrict propulsion of the foot, thus leading to abnormal gait.

Development of total ankle replacement is connected with the use of the method as an efficient treatment of joint injuries and continuation of achievements in hip and knee surgery. The total ankle replacement technique was introduced as an alternative to arthrodesis, i.e. surgical fixation, which made it possible to preserve joint mobility and to improve gait. Total ankle replacement is indicated in post-traumatic degenerative joint disease and joint destruction secondary to rheumatoid arthritis.

In this paper, total ankle replacement and various types of currently used endoprostheses are discussed. The authors also describe principles of early postoperative rehabilitation as well as rehabilitation in the outpatient setting.
keywords:

ankle replacement, surgical treatment, rehabilitation







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