ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
Current issue Articles in Press Archive Special Issues About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Special information Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2019
vol. 20
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Selected personal conditions determining the frequency of consuming groups of products among athletes professionally training individual sports disciplines

Maria Gacek

Human Movement 2019 vol. 20 (3), 56-65
Online publish date: 2019/06/10
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Purpose
Evaluation of the frequency of consuming food products depending on sex, age, and level of self-efficacy, optimism and life satisfaction in a group of athletes professionally training individual sports disciplines.

Methods
The research was performed among 346 individuals (214 men and 132 women). The author’s personal consumption questionnaire, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Life Orientation Test-Revised, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. The Mann-Whitney U Test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients served to analyse the results.

Results
Women more often consumed vegetables, milk, and curd cheeses with reduced fat content; men more often consumed legume seeds, whole-fat curds, pork, vegetable juices, and energy drinks. The statistical analysis showed a positive correlation between the intensity of sense of efficacy and the frequency of consuming legume seeds, semi-skimmed milk, poultry, and isotonic drinks. The level of optimism was negatively correlated with the frequency of consuming light bread, sugary beverages, and energy drinks, while it positively correlated with the frequency of consuming fruit juices. Along with the increase in life satisfaction, the frequency of consumption of wholemeal bread increased, while that of fast food products decreased. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that along with age, the respondents more often included poultry and mineral water in their diets, and significantly less often consumed whole-fat milk, pork, sweets, and pastries.

Conclusions
Food choices varied depending on sex, age, and level of efficacy, dispositional optimism and life satisfaction.

keywords:

life satisfaction, sense of self-efficacy, dispositional optimism, personal resources, athletes, frequency of eating food products

FEATURED PRODUCTS
Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe