ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
2/2021
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Serve efficiency development indicates an extended women’s tennis world class cohort: Analysing 14 years of Ladies Wimbledon Championships – implications for coaching

Ralph Grambow
1
,
Craig O`Shannessy
2
,
Philipp Born
1
,
Dominik Meffert
1
,
Tobias Vogt
1, 3

1.
Institute of Professional Sport Education and Sport Qualifications, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
2.
Brain Game Tennis, Austin, USA
3.
Waseda University, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tokorozawa, Japan
Hum Mov. 2021;22(2):43–52
Online publish date: 2020/11/15
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Purpose
How crucial is good serving to succeed in modern days women’s world class tennis? The study aimed to systematically analyse serve efficiency and serving behaviour in elite women’s tennis over a course of 14 years to identify possible trainings patterns.

Methods
Analyses included historical data collected from all matches at the Ladies Wimbledon Championships between 2002 and 2015 (matches: n = 1771; service games: n = 37,717; serves: n = 248,135). The study focused on two main comparisons, serve efficiency development between 2002 and 2015 and possible differences inside the women’s tennis world class, i.e. by comparing 1st tournament week results (matches: n = 1562; service games: n = 33,150; serves: n = 218,028) and 2nd tournament week results (matches: n = 209; service games: n = 4567; serves: n = 30,107).

Results
An increase over time has been observed for the percentages of service games won (p < 0.001), 1st service points won (p < 0.05), and aces served (p < 0.01), whereas double faults served (p < 0.05) and serve and volley points played (p < 0.001) decreased significantly. Direct comparisons of the 1st and 2nd tournament week results favour players competing in the 2nd tournament week, showing significant advantages in the percentages of service games won (p < 0.01), 1st service points won (p < 0.05) and aces served (p < 0.001).

Conclusions
An increased serve efficiency over time was observed, particularly for 1st tournament week results, indicating a more extended women’s world class cohort. However, direct comparisons favour players competing in the 2nd tournament week.

keywords:

world class women’s tennis, service game, match strategy, training, practice

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