eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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2/2019
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Short-term hearing results in adults after stapedotomy

Nader Saki, Maryam Kardoni, Mehdi Karimi, Amir Mohammad Eghbalnejad Mofrad

Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2019; 21(2): 144–148
Online publish date: 2019/06/18
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Background
A stapedectomy or stapedotomy is known as the best treatment option for patients with otosclerosis. Otosclerosis is a primary disease of the bony labyrinth capsule, which is characterized by one or more localized foci, where bone deposition occurs repeatedly. The best and most effective treatment option is a stapedectomy or stapedotomy.

Objectives
The present study evaluated the short-term hearing results in patients with otosclerosis after primary stapes surgery.

Material and methods
In this retrospective study, the short-term hearing results of all patients with otosclerosis after a primary stapedotomy admitted to the Ahvaz Emam hospital from 2007 to 2017 was evaluated. Improvement in hearing was evaluated according to the pre- and post-audiometry results. Air Conduction (AC), Bone Conduction (BC) and Air-Bone Gap (ABG) thresholds were recorded at 500, 1 000, 2 000 and 4 000 Hz. SPSS software (Version 22.0) was used for statistical analysis.

Results
Of the 413 cases, 231 (55.93%) and 182 (44.07%) were females and males, respectively. The mean age of patients was 39.06 ± 11.29 years. The disease in 131 (31.72%) was bilateral. The mean ABG in 341 patients (82.63%) ≤ 10 dB and in 52 patients (12.47%) was 10–20 dB.

Conclusions
The results of the study showed that a primary stapedotomy is a successful and effective way to improve short-term hearing results in adults with otosclerosis.

keywords:

hearing loss, otosclerosis, audiometry, stapedotomy

 
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