eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
6/2019
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Smoking history is negatively associated with allergen specific immunotherapy efficacy: a retrospective analysis

Jan Romantowski
1
,
Krzysztof Specjalski
1
,
Jakub Łata
1
,
Eliza Wasilewska
1
,
Marta Chełmińska
1
,
Ewa Jassem
1
,
Marek Niedoszytko
1

1.
Department of Allergology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Adv Dermatol Allergol 2019; XXXVI (6): 673-676
Online publish date: 2019/12/30
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Introduction
Allergen specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only treatment modifying the course of the disease in patients allergic to airborne allergens. It has been proven to be effective in allergic populations, however individual patients vary in terms of response to the therapy.

Aim
To assess the factors that might affect the efficacy of AIT.

Material and methods
Patients treated with AIT for grass pollen or house dust mites were included. The efficacy of AIT was assessed with the use of Allergy Control Score (ACS), performed before and at least 1 year after AIT. The following variables were assessed as potential risk factors for a worse response to AIT: age, gender, type of allergy, type of allergen, type of vaccine, type of AIT and smoking history.

Results
The study group consisted of 145 subjects. AIT was effective in the entire group; the mean ACS results decreased from 21.14 to 14.41 points (p < 0.0001). No differences in efficacy in terms of assessed risk factors were found, except for smoking history (ACS change in the smoking group was smaller: from 21.8 to 18.1 points; p = 0.09, OR = 0.323; 95% CI: 0.11–0.88; p = 0.02).

Conclusions
Smoking history may affect AIT outcomes.

keywords:

rhinitis, grass pollen, house dust mite, tobacco

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