eISSN: 2353-561X
ISSN: 2353-4192
Current Issues in Personality Psychology
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3/2021
vol. 9
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Social dominance orientation predicts lower moral condemnation of causing harm to animals

Tomasz Jarmakowski-Kostrzanowski
1
,
Piotr Radkiewicz
2

1.
Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
2.
Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 9(3), 229–236
Online publish date: 2021/05/03
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Background
Recent studies and theorizing (SD-HARM model) suggested that social dominance orientation (SDO) constitutes the ideological foundation of negative attitude towards animals and acceptance of their exploitation. At the same time, right-wing authoritarian-ism (RWA) is expected to predict speciesist beliefs only when they are perceived as part of societal tradition. The present studies investigated these predictions with moral condemnation of harm done to animals by humans as an indicator of speciesism.

Participants and procedure
400 and 324 people, aged 18-87, took part in two cross-sectional studies. They reported their levels of SDO and RWA and made moral judgments of harm done to animals.

Results
In both studies, SDO, but not RWA, negatively predicted moral condemnation of harming animals.

Conclusions
The results offer additional support for the SD-HARM model. The more people accept SDO beliefs, the less they morally con-demn harm done to animals by humans.

keywords:

social dominance orientation; human-animal relations; animal exploitation; speciesism; moral judgment

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