ISSN: 2544-4395
Physiotherapy Quarterly
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Instructions for Reviewers Journal's Reviewers Special information Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
4/2022
vol. 30
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Sun Salutation yoga in patients with subacute low back pain: a feasibility study

Novita Intan Arovah
1
,
Wara Kushartanti
1
,
Rachmah Laksmi Ambardini
1

1.
Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Physiother Quart. 2022;30(4):1–6
Online publish date: 2022/05/31
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Introduction
The roles of yoga in improving symptoms in chronic low back pain (LBP) have been established. However, evidence of Sun Salutation yoga feasibility in subacute LBP is lacking. This feasibility study examined the adherence, safety, and potential effect size of Sun Salutation yoga in improving pain, functional disability, and quality of life among patients with subacute LBP.

Methods
Overall, 20 patients with subacute LBP (65% females, age: 35 ± 10 years) were enrolled in a 6-week Sun Salutation program. The protocol adherence and safety were self-reported by participants during weekly monitoring. Pain was assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS) and numeric rating scale (NRS), functional disability with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Roland-Morris Questionnaire (RMQ), while quality of life with the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). Pre- and post-intervention data were analysed by using the paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test per data distribution. Effect size was evaluated.

Results
All patients adhered to the study protocol and no adverse effects were reported. Pain, functional disability, and quality of life improved significantly after the intervention. Effect sizes were very large for pain (3.87 and 3.97 for VAS and NRS), functional disability (1.94 and 3.24 for ODI and RMQ), and quality of life (2.34 and 4.62 for SF-12 physical and mental composite score).

Conclusions
The adherence and safety of Sun Salutation yoga in subacute LBP patients were demonstrated, with large effect sizes for improving pain, functional disability, and quality of life. Randomized controlled trials are recommended to confirm the findings.

keywords:

pain, functional disability, quality of life, subacute low back pain

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