ISSN: 1899-1955
Human Movement
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4/2018
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The accuracy of two equations for predicting maximal oxygen uptake on individualized ramp protocol

Paula F. Aguiar, Terence A. Moriarty, Wesley A. Baracho, Fabricio De Paula, Pamela F.M. Sampaio, Vinicius O. Ottone, Marco F. Dias-Peixoto, Etel Rocha-Vieira, Fabiano T. Amorim

Human Movement 2018 vol. 19 (4), 42-48
Online publish date: 2018/07/27
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Purpose
Valid protocols use nomograms based on standardized stages to calculate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Although the maximal ramp exercise protocol offers advantages over traditional protocols, it is not known if the non-standardized stages approach affects the accuracy to estimate VO2max. The study aims to examine the accuracy of 2 equations for predicting VO2max in a maximal ramp exercise test.

Methods
Overall, 11 men (age: 26 ± 5 years, height: 178 ± 7 cm, weight: 77.6 ± 9.9 kg) underwent 3 sessions of a maximal ramp test on a motorized treadmill; the speed increments were equal but with 0, 3, and 6% grades. Expired gases were analysed with a portable metabolic system. The VO2max measured was set as the highest mean value observed from 7 consecutive breaths and it was predicted from 2 equations: American College Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Myers.

Results
VO2max predicted by ACSM equation (54.3 ± 6.7 mL • kg–1 • min–1) was approximately 10 ± 10% higher and by Myers equation (30.6 ± 6.1 mL • kg–1 • min–1) approximately 38 ± 11% lower than directly measured (49.6 ± 6.7 mL • kg–1 • min–1, p < 0.05). Bland-Altman graphs indicate low and no agreement for ACSM and Myers equations, respectively. The calculated standard error of the estimates was 6.5 mL • kg–1 • min–1 for ACSM equation and 19.9 mL • kg–1 • min–1 for Myers equation.

Conclusions
The ACSM and Myers equations significantly over- and under-predict the VO2max of young adults, respectively. Although the former overestimated VO2max, we recommend its use with caution.

keywords:

exercise testing, VO2max, ramp test, prediction equations

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